Norwegian Romantic Nationalism

View from Stalheim (1842), painted by Johan Christian Dahl

Norwegian national awakening began in the nineteenth century. Before the Napoleonic Wars, Norway was in a personal union with Denmark (officially known as Denmark-Norway). The union between these two countries can be traced back to Queen Margaret I at the end of the fourteenth century. In 1814, Denmark was forced to cede Norway to the Swedes as part of a post-Napoleonic peace agreement. The Norwegians were not too keen on that…